Harvard and Higher Education in Vietnam
On the agenda for President Barack Obama’s visit to Vietnam beginning this Sunday are important strategic issues extending back to the devastating war between the countries that ended in 1975, and forward to the rising tensions between China and its neighbors bordering the contested South China Sea. Renewed arms sales and access to the naval base at Cam Ranh Bay are reportedly under discussion.
But the presidential visit may also serve as the coming-out party for the Fulbright University Vietnam: the first nonprofit, academically independent institution of higher education in the country. Its development was endorsed by leaders of both countries in 2013, in a formal White House statement. The Vietnamese government granted full licensure on May 16. And formal recognition of the new institution is expected during the high-level exchanges.
As reported in Harvard Magazine’s feature, “A Nation, Building” (May-June 2014), and a subsequent dispatch, the university is rising on the foundation established by the Fulbright Economics Teaching Program (FETP), established in 1994 by Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) affiliates, in collaboration with the University of Economics in Ho Chi Minh City. They modeled their Fulbright School and its meritocratic public-policy curriculum on the Kennedy School’s core public-policy classes. Thomas Vallely, senior advisor on mainland Southeast Asia to HKS’s Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, directed the work and the school's predecessor academic engagements with Vietnam. Ben Wilkinson, former HKS Vietnam program director, was based at FETP’s campus in Ho Chi Minh City for many years. They remain deeply involved in organizing and raising funds for the nascent new university: Vallely is chair of the board of the parent organization, and Wilkinson is the full-time staff member. (Read an Ash Center report on the history and development of the new university. Additional stories are available at the FETP website.)
Thus, while military assets and strategic position dominate the government-level discussions this weekend, the quiet work of elevating higher education in Vietnam and developing its future intellectual capital proceed as well, building on decades of close academic ties between scholars and leaders there and a handful of deeply involved Kennedy School staff members.
Updated May 23, 2016, 8:45 a.m. The New York Times has reported that “Mr. Obama also announced on Monday that the two sides had formalized an agreement to allow the opening of Fulbright University Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City, the first independent university in Vietnam in which the government will have no role in creating the curriculum or teaching students. The university’s chairman, Bob Kerrey, a former senator of Nebraska, said the school may start teaching undergraduates in the fall of 2017."
Updated May 25, 8:45 a.m. Secretary of State John Kerry, Senator John McCain, and former Senator Bob Kerrey wrote about Fulbright University in a New York Times op-ed on Vietnam; Bob Kerry will chair the board of the new institution. All three were involved, during their senate service, in supporting the Vietnam Fulbright program administered by the Kennedy School staff named above, and in laying the foundations for the program that has evolved into the emerging university.