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Faculty Diversity: some additional statistics

March-April 2002

Supplemental statistics to "Forum: Faculty Diversity," in the March-April, 2002 edition of Harvard Magazine.

Despite 30 years of affirmative action, and contrary to public perceptions, the American faculty profile, especially at preeminent universities, remains largely white and largely male

Women currently represent 36 percent of full-time faculty compared to 23 percent in the early 1970s. Although this represents...
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Table 1: STUDENT DIVERSITY, 2000-2001

Institution

Women Students

Minority Students

Amherst

48%

25%

Dartmouth

48%

25%

Harvard

46%

34%

Princeton

49%

26%

Williams

45%

25%

Yale

49%

28%

 

Table 2: FACULTY, BY GENDER
 

1972

1998

 

Women

Men

Women

Men

Total Faculty

21%

79%

41%

59%

Full-Time Faculty

25%

75%

36%

64%

Part-Time Faculty

34%

66%

45%

55%

Full-Time Faculty at Research Universities

18%

82%

25%

75%

Tenured (among full-time faculty)

38%

58%

39%

59%

Full Professors

10%

90%

24%

76%

Full Professors in Science & Engineering

2.5%

97.5%

10%

90%

Table 3: FACULTY, BY RACE
 

1989

1997

 

Persons of Color

Whites

Persons of Color

Whites

Total Faculty

10%

90%

17%

83%

Full-Time Faculty

11%

89%

13%

87%

Part-Time Faculty

10%

90%

13%

87%

Full-Time Faculty at Research Universities

8%

92%

9%

91%

Tenured (among full-time faculty)

NA

NA

43%

54%

Full Professors

  Blacks, Hispanics,
  Native Americans

8%

4%

92%

96%

11%

5%

89%

95%

Full Professors in Science & Engineering

  Blacks, Hispanics,
  Native Americans

NA

NA

NA

NA

24%

6%

76%

94%

NA=Not Available

Table 4: DEGREES CONFERRED TO WOMEN

Degrees Conferred

1900

Mid-1970s

2000

Total Baccalaureate

% Women

27,410

19%

917,900

46%

1,185,000

56%

Total Master’s

% Women

1,583

19%

311,771

46%

430,164

57%

Total Doctoral

% Women

382

6%

34,064

2 3%

41,368

44%

Table 5: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF FACULTY BY RANK, GENDER, AND INSTITUTIONAL TYPE, 2000-2001
 

Doctoral-Level

Comprehensive

Baccalaureate

Two-Year Colleges

 

Men

Women

M

W

M

W

M

W

Professor

33

6.3

25

7.7

22.8

7.4

17.8

11.9

Associate Professor

18.7

9.1

17.1

10.2

17.0

11.5

13.1

12.4

Assistant Professor

13.1

9.8

15.2

14.3

16.6

15.5

11.9

12.6

Instructor

1.8

2.6

2.6

4.0

2.9

3.9

8.2

9.2

Lecturer

2.1

2.4

1.4

1.9

0.8

1.0

0.5

0.5

All Combined

69.3

30.7

61.6

38.4

60.5

39.5

52.6

47.6

Table 6: FULL-TIME FACULTY, 1997

Type of Institution

Women as a % of Full-Time Faculty

Public 2-year college

44%

Liberal arts college

37%

Private comprehensive university

34%

Public comprehensive university

32%

Public doctoral university

25%

Private doctoral university

23%

Table 7: TENURE STATUS, BY GENDER AND INSTITUTIONAL TYPE, 1980 AND 1995
 

1980

1995

 

Men

Women

Men

Women

All institutions

  Four-Year

  University

  Other Four-Year

  Two-Year

70.0

68.3

70.0

67.0

78.8

49.7

44.0

41.0

45.5

66.6

71.3

70.2

74.0

67.5

78.2

50.3

45.3

45.7

45.1

67.1

Public institutions

  Four-Year

  University

  Other Four-Year

  Two-Year

72.8

71.1

71.3

70.9

79.3

54.0

47.5

42.8

50.2

67.5

74.0

73.0

76.0

70.6

78.2

53.6

47.4

47.6

47.3

67.3

Private institutions

  Four-Year

  University

  Other Four-Year

  Two-Year

62.2

62.2

66.3

59.8

57.3

37.2

37.2

36.5

37.4

39.5

64.8

64.6

68.9

62.2

75.8

41.7

41.4

41.3

41.5

57.3

Table 8: SCIENCE & ENGINEERING DOCTORATES, 1993
 

Women

Men

Number holding full-time faculty positions

41,800

169,200

Number holding part-time faculty positions

28,000

55,300

Likelihood of being employed full-time

60%

75%

Likelihood of being employed part-time

40%

25%

Percent awarded tenure

26%

51%

Percent employed on one-term contracts (non-tenure-track)

54%

34%

Percent employed by public, two-year colleges

37%

25%

Percent employed by universities and four-year colleges

  Biological sciences

  Chemistry

  Environmental sciences

  Physical sciences

29%

26%

18%

32%

25%

43%

62%

59%

60%

49%

Table 9: AVERAGE SALARY, BY GENDER, RANK, AND INSTITUTIONAL TYPE, 2000-01 (figures in dollars)
 

Doctoral

Comprehensive

Baccalaureate

Two-Year Colleges

 

Men

Women

M

W

M

W

M

W

Professor

91,186

82,827

70,726

67,283

65,152

61,933

59,560

55,141

Associate

63,863

59,515

56,404

53,576

51,044

49,082

48,643

45,573

Assistant

54,886

49,707

46,299

44,310

42,140

41,159

42,128

40,311

Instructor

37,738

35,694

35,431

34,486

35,179

33,384

35,774

35,078

Lecturer

43,986

39,171

37,019

34,817

38,992

36,644

36,501

34,413

Table 10: PERCENT OF DOCTORAL DEGREES IN 2000, BY RACE
 

All

Business

Education

Engineering

Humanities

Life Sciences

Physical Sciences

Prof’l Fields

Social Sciences

Native American

0.6

0.6

0.9

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.2

0.7

Asian

7.8

9.5

3.1

17.5

4.3

11.4

10.5

5.7

5.4

Black

5.9

5.9

12.4

3.2

3.7

3.7

2.8

9.5

6.5

Hispanic

4.3

2.9

5.0

3.1

4.7

4.0

3.4

3.7

5.0

White

79.3

78.9

77

73.5

84.4

78.5

80.5

79.3

80

Table 11: PERCENT TENURED FACULTY, BY RACE, 1989 and 1997
 

1989

1997

 

Total

Men

Women

Total

Men

Women

Total

71

75

59

73

77

63

White

72

76

60

75

80

64

Total Minority

61

63

57

64

68

56

African American

61

63

59

61

64

57

Hispanic

64

66

58

64

68

59

Asian American

60

61

54

66

70

54

Native American

67

71

57

63

71

51

Table 12: PERCENT FULL-TIME FACULTY, BY RACE AND INSTITUTIONAL TYPE, 1992
 

Total

Public Research

Private Research

Public Doctoral

Private Doctoral

Public Comp

Private Comp

Private L. Arts

Public 2-Year

White

86.5

88

83.7

87.5

84.1

82.7

91.3

90

85.5

Black

5.2

2.8

5.0

3.1

4.9

9.1

3.5

5.4

6.2

Hispanic

2.6

2.2

2.1

2.5

3.7

2.6

1.3

4.1

1.4

Asian

5.2

6.9

9.0

6.1

7.1

5.1

3.3

2.8

3.3

Native American

0.5

0.1

0.2

0.8

0.2

0.5

0.2

0.5

1.0

 


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