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Museums and Collections

The Rise of Color

July-August 2010

Lakeside Press Studios. For Michigan Bell Telephone Company

Lakeside Press Studios. For Michigan Bell Telephone Company

Courtesy of the Baker Library, Harvard Business School

Lakeside Press Studios. Sport.

Lakeside Press Studios. Sport.

Courtesy of the Baker Library, Harvard Business School

Lakeside Press Studios. Color advertisement.

Lakeside Press Studios. Color advertisement.

Courtesy of the Baker Library, Harvard Business School

Nickolas Muray. Lucky Strike Girl. Photographers strove to make color prints that matched the original transparencies and the objects they depicted as closely as possible. Muray, writes Banta, “was the master of trichrome carbro printing, considered one of the superior color processes of the time and one that became widely used.”

Nickolas Muray. Lucky Strike Girl. Photographers strove to make color prints that matched the original transparencies and the objects they depicted as closely as possible. Muray, writes Banta, “was the master of trichrome carbro printing, considered one of the superior color processes of the time and one that became widely used.”

Courtesy of the Baker Library, Harvard Business School

The 1934 Rockefeller Plaza exhibition of advertising and industrial photography consisted mostly of black-and-white images, but did include some color prints, four of them shown here (see “Click and Ka-ching,” July-August, page 84). The High Art of Photographic Advertising, a reprise of the 1934 exhibition, is on view at Baker Library, Harvard Business School, through October 9. In the accompanying catalog, guest curator Melissa Banta explains the challenge of color. 

“Color photography made its appearance in magazine advertising in the 1890s through the process of chromolithography,” Banta writes. “Advances in the technology came in 1910, with the development of two- and three-color printing processes. In general, color printing was more complicated and expensive than black and white, and its results less reliable and ‘realistic.’ Trade journals essentially considered black and white ‘preferable to lurid or unnatural color reproductions.’”

In any case, most products being advertised were not colorful. “When color began to be added to the products themselves,” Banta writes, “advances in color printing and reproduction followed. Starting in the 1920s, American consumers went from a commercial world of white towels and black Model Ts to a range of products with a fantastic palette of hues from which to choose.”

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A photograph of an eighteenth-century, three-inch pocket globe in its open case

Photograph courtesy of the Harvard University Archives

A pocket globe at the Harvard Archives

Hikers stand in Purgatory Chasm, near Worcester, Massachusetts

Click on arrow at right to view full image gallery
(1 of 3) Adventures in Purgatory Chasm
Photograph by Normal Barrett/Alamy Stock Photo

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A color-paper collage used by Edwin Land to develop an influential theory of color vision

(click on arrow at right to see full image) A color-paper collage used by Edwin Land to develop an influential theory of color vision
Photograph courtesy of the Harvard Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments

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