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Cambridge 02138

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How Will We Cope with Religious Diversity?

So96 Cover Professor Diana Eck's "Neighboring Faiths" (September-October, page 38) is timely and thoughtful. It will play an important role in the acceptance of Muslims within mainstream America.

Eck raises an interesting issue on how Islam will adapt to the modern world, a "reformation" that is long overdue. Muslim clerics, who are caught in a time warp, recognize that they can maintain their privileges only by suppressing dissent and dialogue; in this task they have been ably assisted by the Western media, which has demonized the religion and its adherents. The impetus for reform may well come from scholars trained and teaching in the west, Eck's "students."

Akbar Husain, M.B.A. '70

Eck's scholarship is a commendable effort to describe an overwhelming problem, complete, alas, with a traditional scholarly reluctance to come to grips with it. I leave her account beset by a fear for the erosive results current levels of diversity, religious and other, are bringing to the unity of our country.

Our E pluribus unum motto is one of the more fortunate descriptives bequeathed us by the Founding Fathers. In my youth, I believed that I and my fellows understood it fully. It meant that diversities in our citizenry-differences in language, clothing, history, and, yes, religion, would be subsumed into the unity of one people.

Differences were not meant to be eradicated, but they and we would become parts of a greater whole. Importantly, the continuance of cultural diversities in ourselves would be protected-sheltered- by not being thrust upon the public scene, but yet preserved by law and tradition for our individual, private use.

But there are now abroad in our land religions of a differnt kind, in that they intrude their rules and practices, and worship, into the public domain. They are not exclusively private; they are starkly visible, intrusively visible.

Eck writes that the leaders of the various religious institutions are also the leaders in the efforts to accept one another. But the leaders have vested interests that the congregations do not. The key to the success of pluralism is how the members of the diverse religious groups, not their leaders, embrace one another. Current scorecards are not encouraging.

Jack Harney '46
New Carrollton, Md.

Eck refrains from examining an important issue: the role of women in these Eastern traditions, and how this role clashes with the traditional American (and Western) concepts of self-worth and self-determination for women.

I think about what I see when I shop at a discount-club warehouse store in suburban Washington, D.C. There, men in Western dress stride up and down the aisles, followed by veiled women in full-length, long-sleeved gowns. The women always walk behind their husbands, push the shopping cart, and generally have several children in tow. The women are never seen alone-they don't drive. What will happen when someday their little girls want a driver's license and the chance to go to college? Will their parents let them, or will they be kept in "their place?"

These traditions will either have to accommodate, in some way, the American-Western idea of the role of women, or become Amish-like and withdraw from the mainstream of American life.

Joanne Sadler, M.P.A. '91
Alexandria, Va.

Thanks for this magazine and for putting it on the Web. I heard of Eck's article on pluralism but could not locate the magazine in my area. Thought of the Web, and you were there. As a chaplain in the United States Army, I've experienced lots of diversity. A nice piece of literature.

Rick Lund
Fort Hood, Tex.

Freedom of Expression

The September-October issue is delightful, as always, but I do have a small bone to pick. In "Visions of Veritas" (page 71), you reproduce eight clay tiles representing eight artists' interpretations of the Harvard shield. Harvard's motto is Veritas. Imagine my surprise to see one of the tiles proclaim Veritas Vos Liberabit, on a crimson field. That is the motto of Johns Hopkins University. What happened?

Edward S. Bessman, M.D. '81, Hopkins '77
Millersville, Md.

Editor's note: "The truth shall set you free" is indeed the motto of Johns Hopkins. That university's academic colors are old gold and sable. Artist Kathi Tighe, a staff member at the Radcliffe Ceramic Studio, set out to make a tile that said "veritoes," but came to think her tile needed hands as well, and so she simply chose a motto that pleased her and that employs the word veritas. She was aware of its Hopkins connections. She is a graduate of Ohio Wesleyan.

Erotic Horseplay

Your magazine has shown a genuine and unrivaled absence of editorial sense before, but "Erotic Horseplay" (September-October, page 24) takes the cake. I can explain a decision to report on such an asinine subject only as some sort of practical joke.

To Deborah Bright, the Bunting Institute fellow behind this fraud, I give my congratulations on devising an artful and clever scam. I sincerely hope the Bunting, whose doors I passed many times in utter ignorance of what went on behind them, feels they got their money's worth in Bright's "work."

T.C. Gillespie, A.M. '84
Monterey, Calif.

While I enjoyed Bright's observations about the erotic appeal of horses, I couldn't help feeling the irony surrounding her description of that appeal. She laments that "Puritanism is alive and well, particularly for those in charge of youthful girls," so that to admit an erotic relationship between horse and rider is to "upend the order of things." But she herself then chooses an explicitly moralistic concept-that of "fetishism"- by way of normalizing the relationship.

In both Marx and Freud, fetishism concerns the continual misunderstanding of an object's value, use, or history. Bright admits that those who like horses understand their value quite well. Why insist, then, on calling this "fetishism," if what Bright wants to discuss would be more accurately described in terms of a readily understood and (as she suggests) normal pleasure?

Douglas Bruster, Ph.D. '90

Risky Business

John Graham, of the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, whose work is reported on in "Life, Death, & the Dice" (September-October, page 19), seems to share the snobbery of many other professional risk assessors toward the fears of ordinary people. The professionals tend to do their risk-benefit calculations on a global scale and tend to brand as ignoramuses those who do them on a personal scale. Thus, an automobile may be more dangerous than a nuclear power plant for society at large. But the person who owns a car has done his or her personal risk-benefit calculation and decided that the risk is "personally" worth it. But that same person gets no benefit whatever from living next door to a nuke-indeed, Illinois, one of the most highly nuclearized states in the country, also has some of its highest electric utility rates. Why should our hypothetical person be willing to accept "any" risk, however small, for the benefit of Commonwealth Edison stockholders?

Marian Henriquez Neudel '63

The right bucket.
The right bucket. Photograph by Kris Snibbe

Wrong Bucket

What a beautiful photograph of the killer bucket illustrating "Life, Death, & the Dice." The lighting, the colors; sinister yet gorgeous. Too bad it's the wrong picture. What I at first thought was a silly mistake is really journalistic negligence because you threw away a half-page chance to alert your readers to the real killer bucket. It is the five-gallon cylindrical kind that institutional supplies typically come packaged in. Toddlers fall in head-first and can't get out, partly because the bucket does not tip over easily. As a mother I call shame down upon your rock-filled head. Do bestir yourself to find and print a photo of the right bucket.

Holly Czapski, M.P.M. '92
Somerville, Mass.

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